Insurance & Disability in US
- Insurance & Disability in US
By Timothy M. Klob, JD
"The military has all sorts of Family Support programs in place now – much more so over the past 10 years due to constant deployments. Military One Source is a 24/7 clearinghouse line to point members and dependents to resources:
There are service-specific programs out there as well, but the above resource is a good starting point for military assistance."
"If you are unable to work due to a disabling condition, you may be eligible for either short-term or long-term disability benefits. While individuals can purchase these plans independently of their employer, most individuals have short term or long term disability benefits through employer plans as part of their employee benefits, and you should discuss with your human resources department whether you can utilize these benefits if your condition prevents you from working and you are required to leave work prematurely.
As a general rule, short term disability benefits are for a limited duration (generally six months or less) and long term disability benefits can be payable for two years or longer depending upon the specific policy requirements.
Another potential benefit which can be available in addition to short term or long term disability insurance is Social Security disability. This is generally available in cases where an individual with a severe impairment which has either lasted for one year or is likely to last for one year or longer meets the additional insured status and medical-vocational-educational requirements for Social Security disability benefits. Your State, however, may have a State disability benefits program that is independent from Social Security.
More specifically, Social Security disability benefits fall under two major programs:
- Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) benefits, which are based on one’s total and recent earnings and is based on what one has previously paid into the system, and
- Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits, which provide a reduced benefit rate that is an entitlement not tied to prior earnings history but which is only paid to disabled individuals who also fall below minimal resource levels from all other sources.
When applying for Social Security disability benefits, the Administration will review your past earnings history as well as your educational, vocational and medical records to determine whether your condition meets their definition of “disability” for purposes of entitlement to benefits.
While individuals can be successful in obtaining benefits on their own in some cases, the technical requirements to prove disability in most cases requires that one hire an experienced representative to assist in developing and presenting their case to the Administration to ensure that all critical deadlines are met and all key evidence is submitted in order to ensure the best possible chance for a favorable decision."
- Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) Brochure
- Dept of Health State Disability Info
- California Pregnancy Disability & Brochure
- Pregnancy Discrimination (EEOC)
If you live outside the US and would like to share how your disability assistance program works, please us the details and links.